find – MongoDB

Definition

find

New in version 3.2.

Executes a query and returns the first batch of results and the cursor id, from which the client can construct a cursor.

The find command has the following form:

{
   "find": <string>,
   "filter": <document>,
   "sort": <document>,
   "projection": <document>,
   "hint": <document or string>,
   "skip": <int>,
   "limit": <int>,
   "batchSize": <int>,
   "singleBatch": <bool>,
   "comment": <string>,
   "maxScan": <int>,
   "maxTimeMS": <int>,
   "readConcern": <document>,
   "max": <document>,
   "min": <document>,
   "returnKey": <bool>,
   "showRecordId": <bool>,
   "snapshot": <bool>,
   "tailable": <bool>,
   "oplogReplay": <bool>,
   "noCursorTimeout": <bool>,
   "awaitData": <bool>,
   "allowPartialResults": <bool>
}

The command accepts the following fields:

Field Type Description
find string The name of the collection to query.
filter document Optional. The query predicate. If unspecified, then all documents in the collection will match the predicate.
sort document Optional. The sort specification for the ordering of the results.
projection document Optional. The projection specification to determine which fields to include in the returned documents. See Project Fields to Return from Query and Projection Operators.
hint string or document Optional. Index specification. Specify either the index name as a string or the index key pattern. If specified, then the query system will only consider plans using the hinted index.
skip Positive integer Optional. Number of documents to skip. Defaults to 0.
limit Non-negative integer Optional. The maximum number of documents to return. If unspecified, then defaults to no limit. A limit of 0 is equivalent to setting no limit.
batchSize non-negative integer

Optional. The number of documents to return in the first batch. Defaults to 101. A batchSize of 0 means that the cursor will be established, but no documents will be returned in the first batch.

Unlike the previous wire protocol version, a batchSize of 1 for thefind command does not close the cursor.

singleBatch boolean Optional. Determines whether to close the cursor after the first batch. Defaults to false.
comment string Optional. A comment to attach to the query to help interpret and trace query profile data.
maxScan positive integer Optional. Maximum number of documents or index keys to scan when executing the query.
maxTimeMS positive integer Optional. The cumulative time limit in milliseconds for processing operations on the cursor. MongoDB aborts the operation at the earliest following interrupt point.
readConcern document

Optional. Specifies the read concern. The default level is "local".

To use a read concern level of "majority", you must use the WiredTiger storage engine and start the mongod instances with the –enableMajorityReadConcern command line option (or thereplication.enableMajorityReadConcern setting if using a configuration file).

Only replica sets using protocol version 1 support"majority" read concern. Replica sets running protocol version 0 do not support "majority" read concern.

To ensure that a single thread can read its own writes, use"majority" read concern and "majority" write concern against the primary of the replica set.

NOTE

The getMore command uses the readConcern level specified in the originating find command.

max document Optional. The exclusive upper bound for a specific index. Seecursor.max() for details.
min document Optional. The inclusive lower bound for a specific index. Seecursor.min() for details.
returnKey boolean Optional. If true, returns only the index keys in the resulting documents. Default value is false. If returnKey is true and the find command does not use an index, the returned documents will be empty.
showRecordId boolean Optional. Determines whether to return the record identifier for each document. If true, adds a field $recordId to the returned documents.
snapshot boolean Optional. Prevents the cursor from returning a document more than once because of an intervening write operation.
tailable boolean Optional. Returns a tailable cursor for a capped collections.
awaitData boolean Optional. Use in conjunction with the tailable option to block agetMore command on the cursor temporarily if at the end of data rather than returning no data. After a timeout period, find returns as normal.
oplogReplay boolean

Optional. Internal use for replica sets. To use oplogReplay, you must include the following condition in the filter:

{ ts: { $gte: <timestamp> } }
noCursorTimeout boolean Optional. Prevents the server from timing out idle cursors after an inactivity period (10 minutes).
allowPartialResults boolean Optional. For queries against a sharded collection, returns partial results from the mongos if some shards are unavailable instead of throwing an error.

Examples

Specify a Sort and Limit

The following command runs the find command filtering on the rating field and the cuisine field. The command includes a projection to only return the following fields in the matching documents: _id,name, rating, and address fields.

The command sorts the documents in the result set by the name field and limits the result set to 5 documents.

db.runCommand(
   {
     find: "restaurants",
     filter: { rating: { $gte: 9 }, cuisine: "italian" },
     projection: { name: 1, rating: 1, address: 1 },
     sort: { name: 1 },
     limit: 5
   }
)

Override Default Read Concern

To override the default read concern level of "local", use the readConcern option.

The following operation on a replica set specifies a read concern of "majority" to read the most recent copy of the data confirmed as having been written to a majority of the nodes.

NOTE

db.runCommand(
   {
     find: "restaurants",
     filter: { rating: { $lt: 5 } },
     readConcern: { level: "majority" }
   }
)

To ensure that a single thread can read its own writes, use "majority" read concern and "majority"write concern against the primary of the replica set.

The getMore command uses the readConcern level specified in the originating find command.

A readConcern can be specified for the mongo shell method db.collection.find() using thecursor.readConcern method:

db.restaurants.find( { rating: { $lt: 5 } } ).readConcern("majority")

 

Courtesy: MongoDB Website

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