Inject in Ruby

The syntax for the inject method is as follows:

inject (value_initial) { |result_memo, object| block }

Let’s solve the above example i.e.

[1, 2, 3, 4].inject(0) { |result, element| result + element }

which gives the 10 as the output.

So, before starting let’s see what are the values stored in each variables:

result = 0 The zero came from inject(value) which is 0

element = 1 It is first element of the array.

Okey!!! So, let’s start understanding the above example

Step :1 [1, 2, 3, 4].inject(0) { |0, 1| 0 + 1 }

Step :2 [1, 2, 3, 4].inject(0) { |1, 2| 1 + 2 }

Step :3 [1, 2, 3, 4].inject(0) { |3, 3| 3 + 3 }

Step :4 [1, 2, 3, 4].inject(0) { |6, 4| 6 + 4 }

Step :5 [1, 2, 3, 4].inject(0) { |10, Now no elements left in the array, so it'll return 10 from this step| }

Here Bold-Italic values are elements fetch from array and the simply Bold values are the resultant values.

I hope that you understand the working of the #inject method of the #ruby.

 

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